Hutan Ashrafian is a doctor, martial artist and historian. He currently holds a 5th degree black belt in Okinawan Goju Ryu Karate. He has trained in several schools of martial arts for over a quarter of a century and has a particular interest in the evolution of Karate, Kung-Fu and Ninjutsu. His book Warrior Origins elucidates on the authentic Bodhidharma as a forefather of Zen and Shaolin and further applies bio-political evolutionary models to understand the development of martial arts styles. He trains with the Jindokai International Martial Arts Association at the London SOAS Dojo. He is a practising surgeon and a Clinical Lecturer in Surgery at Imperial College London and a council member of the Royal Asiatic Society.