Oliver Carter is a lecturer in media and cultural theory and a member of the Centre for Media and Cultural Research at Birmingham City University. His research focuses on alternative economies of media production, particularly fan production, recently completing his doctoral thesis: Making European Cult Cinema: Fan Production in an Alternative Economy. He has published work discussing cult cinema fandom that appears in Murders and Acquisitions: Representations of the Serial Killer in Popular Culture (A MacDonald, Ed.) and The Piracy Effect (R. Braga and G. Caruso, Eds.). He is also a contributing author to the book Media Studies: Text, Production and Consumption (P. Long and T. Wall, Eds.).