A phenomenological study of being a traditional Chinese martial arts teacher
Department of Physical Education, Hong Kong Baptist University
The study will introduce a qualitative phenomenological research held to explore what is to be a teacher of traditional Chinese martial arts by examining the structure of experience. The special attention is given to the essence of being the teacher when admitting the martial arts include certain taught strategies applicable in the fight but also in the life outside the gym. Three male teachers from Czech Republic with an average of 15 years experience and teaching in their own martial art school (club) were invited to take part in this study. A half-structured and narrative methods of interview were used in data collection. All data were further analyzed by using the Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. The study uncovered four topics: ego, self transformation, guidance and spiritual background. The findings suggested the teachers understand themselves as a “life guide” on the path of self transformation and liberation. Moreover, the study revealed a strong and sometimes restrictive relation between the individual and the community. Finally, the style of leading the students by their teachers was identified as “guidance non-guidance” in the reference to the Taoist “wu wei” (non-action) principle.
Veronika Partikova is a PhD student at the department of Physical Education at the Hong Kong Baptist University. Her research area is a connection of sport psychology and traditional wushu. In her Master’s thesis research she conducted a phenomenological research exploring traditional wushu teachers in the Czech Republic. She has been also practicing martial arts for the last 15 years, now focusing on the southern Chinese style of Hung Kuen.